Development of controllable nanomachines. In particular, my group has created the world's smallest, controllable nanoclutch. The influence that this paper has already had in the field is demonstrated by replication of the method by : other groups .

Example of the nano machine.
  • Williams I, Oguz EC, Loewen H, Poon WCK and Royall CP, gThe rheology of confined colloidal hard discsh, J. Chem. Phys. 156 184902 (2022). link to PDF

  • Williams I, Oguz EC, Speck T, Bartlett P, Loewen H and Royall CP “Transmission of torque at the nanoscale", Nature Physics, 12 98-103 Link to Nature Website.