If, in some cataclysm, all of scientific knowledge were to be destroyed, and only one sentence passed on to the next generation of creatures, what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is the atomic hypothesis that all things are made of atoms - little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another. In that one sentence, you will see, there is an enormous amount of information about the world, if just a little imagination and thinking are applied.
Cette citation illustre le potentiel de l'hypothèse atomiste. Dans ce TP, nous allons explorer quelques-unes de ses conséquences :
- l'équation d'état des gaz et les transitions de phase,
- le mouvement brownien d'une macromolécule,
- l'interaction de déplétion entre deux macromolécules.